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Researchers from the University Hospital Basel in Basel, Switzerland, have found that people with type 1 diabetes and poor blood sugar control have a higher risk of breaking a bone

(resulting from a fall from standing height or less) than those whose blood sugar is well controlled.

In the study, published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism (May 2019), the researchers also looked at whether blood sugar control affects the risk of a broken bone in people with type 2 diabetes. They compared the health records for 3,329 people newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes and 44,275 people newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. These records included the participants’ A1C levels (the average blood sugar levels over a two- to three-month period) for three years. The target A1C for most people with diabetes is 7%. For this study, “poor control” was defined as a three-year average A1C over 8%.

While having either type of diabetes was a factor in the risk for broken bones, the risk did not seem to change based on blood sugar control for people with type 2 as it did for people with type 1 diabetes. In fact, the risk of fractures was higher among those who took certain oral diabetes drugs compared to people who did not take them.

(This article appeared in Diabetes Dialogue, Autumn 2019)

Author: Elizabeth McCammon

Category Tags: Research;

Region: National

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